The difference between gross total income and total income

Total Income is the income on which tax liability is determined. It is necessary to compute total income to ascertain tax liability. Section 80C to 80U provides certain deductions that can be claimed from Gross Total Income (GTI). After claiming these deductions from GTI, the remaining income is called as Total Income.

In other words, GTI less Deductions (under section 80C to 80U) = Total Income (TI). Total income can also be understood as taxable income. The following table gives a better understanding of the difference between GTI and TI :

Computation of gross total income and Taxable Income

Particulars Amount
Income from salary XXXXX
Income from house property XXXXX
Profits and gains of business or profession XXXXX
Capital gains XXXXX
Income from other sources XXXXX
Gross Total Income XXXXX
Less : Deductions under Chapter VI-A (i.e. under section 80C to 80U) (XXXXX)
Total Income (i.e., taxable income) XXXXX

Note : Inter source losses, inter head losses, brought forward losses, unabsorbed depreciation, etc., (if any) will have to be adjusted (as per the Income-tax Law) while computing the gross total income.

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